Comparison Between Egyptian and Beduin Societies
|Criteria||Egyptian Social Pyramid||Bedouin Society|
|Social hierarchy||In Egypt there were definite social classes which were dictated by an Egyptian's profession.|
This social stratification was like a pyramid:
|- Bedouins have no notion of social class
- The tribe is led by a Sheikh, an elder member of the tribe. This title is not hereditary
- Every individual in the tribe has a roughly equal social standing in most situations
|Relation between classes||- Social classes at the top of the pyramid subordinated classes with less power at the bottom,
- The Pharaoh dictated every law, to his direct subordinates, who in turn transmitted them to the bottom of the pyramid.
|- Disputes are settled, interests are pursued, and justice is maintained according to an ethic of self-help and collective responsibility
- Bedouins have strong honor codes, and justice revolves around these codes.