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  • Egyptian Hunting, Fishing and Stockbreeding

  • Comparison between Egyptian and Inuit hunting

    Criteria Egyptian Hunting, Stockbreeding and Fishing Inuit Hunting and Fishing
    ImagesEgyptian hunting Inuit hunting
    Hunting - Egyptians depended heavily on agriculture, animal hunting was an auxiliary activity
    - Symbolic importance - Nobles spent their leisure time hunting wild animals for recreation, this activity was a symbol of courage and mastery over the animal forces the Egyptians believed they needed to conquer.
    - Small prey - Hunting in the marshes included wild birds, ducks and geese
    - Large prey - The Inuit hunted walrus, caribou and polar bears.
    - Hunting was the most important contributor to the human food supply, meat was a staple in the Inuit diet
    - They ate primarily fish, sea mammals and a few land mammals. These were made into stews, steaks, roast, sausage and jerky
    - Caribou skins was the warmest for northern winters and was used to make mitts, parkas, tents and blankets
    Fishing
    - River fishing - simple reed boats and woven nets
    - By the 12th Dynasty, metal hooks with barbs were being used.
    - Small Nile perch, catfish and eels were among the most important fish
    - Fish had to be eaten immediately or preserved by salting and sun drying to avoid getting rotten in the hot weather.
    - Fish was a fairly common element of the Egyptian diet, despite the fact that they were often considered to be unclean by wealthy nobles, and priests were not allowed to eat it
    - Large fish - The Inuit fished seals and whales
    - During winter seals scratched holes through the iced water to breathe, hunters stood with a poised harpoon over these breathing holes, waiting for the seal to surface
    In the spring and summer, when the ices melts, seals are hunted from boats called kayaks
    - From the skins of seals, the Inuit people made kayaks, clothes, and footwear.
    Pastoral activities - The keeping of sheep and goats was not widespread since the country had little wild lands suitable for pastoral activities.
    - Wool and leather were obtained from these animals, but was of secondary economic importance
    - The vast majority of the population were settled farmers, and very few were nomadic shepherds
    - Climate and topography were completely unsuited for pastoral uses, and this activity was unknown
    Domestic animals - Cattle - Zebu, pigs and horned oxen were the most common domestic cattle in Egypt. They supplied milk,, meat, skins and fats.
    Cattle were also used in agriculture to substitute manpower in ploughing
    - The domestic chicken made its first appearance in the New Kingdom, but only became common during the Late Period
    - Fattening or force feeding of ducks and geese was performed to obtain more meat and eggs
    - The freezing temperatures and scarcity of vegetation prevented any animals being domesticated, except from the essential sled dogs used for transportation
    Animal Transportation - Donkeys were most commonly used for transportation, this is a slow animal, since speed was not of any importance
    - Horses were introduced in New Kingdom, but were considered luxury animals, and only Nobles could afford to keep them
    - Camels were unknown in Egypt until the Late Period, and were introduced by the Persians
    - all of these animals where herbivores, and consumed grasses and agricultural by-products
    - Sled dogs were used to pull a wheel-less vehicle on runners
    - These dogs originated on the Asian continent, in present day Mongolia.
    - Endurance and speed was needed to travel long distances in a re length of time to avoid freezing in the cold. Sled dogs have been known to travel over 150 kilometer in a 24 hour period while pulling 40 kg. each.
    - Sled dog is a carnivore, since few grass or vegetation is available in the freezing Artic region