Comparion between Egyptian High priests and Catholic Popes
|Criteria||Egyptian High Priests||Catholic Pope|
- Their main task was not to spread teachings about the gods superiority,
nor was it his task to see to the people's spiritual or moral welfare.
- The High Priest main job was to take care of the gods and their needs
- He served as a political advisor to the Pharaoh
- He appointed Priests to act for him at the different temples, their number depending on the size of the temple and the cult popularity.
|- Popes helped spread Christianity
- Resolve doctrinal disputes, the sentence of the apostle is not subject to revision by anyone
- He appoints bishops to dioceses, erect and suppress dioceses, appoint prefects to the Roman dicasteries, approve or veto their acts, modify the liturgy and issue liturgical laws, revise the Code of Canon Law, canonize and beatify individuals
|Power and Titles||- The High Priests were the most powerful and influential clerics in Egyptian affairs.
- During much of Egyptian history the coronation of the new Pharaoh was under their auspices
- At the end of the 20th Dynasty, the High Priests of Amun aspired to, and even attained, the power of the Pharaoh.
|- Vicar of Christ|
|Family life||- High priests normally married, had children, and enjoyed family life.||- Dedication to service - no marriage allowed|
|Female role||- In the Old Kingdom there were women holding the title of high priest, but never later in history
- Female Servants of the gods from noble families were accepted in t temple life and were attached to the goddesses .
- They worked as singers, dancers and musicians in temples
|Canon laws forbids women from holding titles of pope, cardinals or priests|
|Appointment||- The Pharaoh directly appointed the high priest.
- This appointment was both a religious and a political one and was held within a powerful family for several generations.
|- The popes were elected by senior Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, and the individual votes of all Cardinal Electors were equal|