• Society
  • Social Pyramid
  • Ancient Egyptian Farmer

  • Comparison between Egyptian and Kibbutz farmers

    CriteriaEgyptian Farmers Kibbutz Farmers
    ImagesEgyptian Farmer  Israeli Kibbutz farmers
    Role in society - The luxurious life of the Pharaoh and the nobles was made possible by the continual labor of the peasant farmers,
    - The diminutive rich upper class ruled with the help of a small scribal administration over the masses of Egyptian workers and peasants living barely above subsistence level,
    - Daily life in Egypt focused largely on Agriculture,
    - The majority of the population were involved in farming,
    - A society dedicated to mutual aid and social justice
    - A small minority 7% of the industrial Israeli society
    Land property - Farmers would generally work the land of nobles, temples and higher classes in the Social pyramid
    - They were paid in Food, clothes and shelter.
    - A socioeconomic system based on the principle of joint ownership of property
    - equality and cooperation of production, consumption and education
    - Equal share in yield and profits
    - Kibbutzniks did not individually own animals, tools, or even clothing . Gifts and income received from outside were turned over to the common treasury
    Work Conditions - Forced labor - When there were not enough workers on the land to do the harvesting, mobile laborers were often gathered via the corvee
    - From birth until death, peasant farmers were usually tied to the land that they worked, even if the land was sold the farmers were still obliged to work that land.
    - Families would sometimes rent land from the landowners and pay percentage of the crop yield.
    - Volunteer work in community
    - The communal life was hard for some people. Every kibbutz saw new members quit after a few years.
    Taxes - Granary officials and tax collectors could calculate this yield, and punish any farmer who was late in paying his dues.
    - State of Israel did not impose taxes on Kibbutz communities, who were considered as young Jewish pioneers, reclaiming the soil of their ancient homeland
    Evolution - The lives of Egyptian farmers remained unchanged for 4000 years - Within 50 Years only, kibbutz farming activities have been partially abandoned in many cases, with hi-tech industries .