Comparison between ancient Egyptian and modern Japanese demography
|Criteria||Egyptian Demography||Modern Japanese Demography|
|Population||- There are no statistics and numbers are based on educated guesswork
- Pre-Dynastic Period- 4000 BC 350 thousand
- Old kingdom - Between 1 and 2 million inhabitants
- New kingdom - 5 million inhabitants according to James Henry Breasted
- Ptolemaic period - Josephus Flavius gives a count 7.5 million people
|- 127 million
- Population has recently decreased because of falling birth rates
- Assuming current birth and death rates and no major change in immigration policies, the 2007 population of 127 million will decline to 100 million in 2050, and 64 million in 2100
- The general concern on a shrinking population in the next 50 years puts a strain in Japanese economic growth and social stability
|Life Expectancy||- Farmers - based on skeletal evidence 30 years
- Nobility - better fed and performed less strenuous labor than the lower classes, life expectancy reached well into the sixties and eighties.
- Women - the arduous task of bearing children resulted in a lower life expectancy compared to their male counterparts for all social classes
|- male: 78.67 years
- female higher expectancy: 85.56 years
- Japanese are among the longest living ethnic groups in the world
|Infant and Maternal Mortality||- A very high 50% mortality rate, not because Egypt was more dangerous than other countries.
But this rate prevailed for most of ancient human history.
- The papyrus of Ani suggests a 3 year breast-feeding period for children, this was one of the best ways to maintain a healthy infant under poor sanitary conditions that prevailed. In addition to the transfer of antibodies through mother's milk, breast-feeding also offered protection from food-born diseases
|- Medical Advances - 2.8 deaths/1,000 live births|
|Fertility rate||- 6 to 7 children born/woman
- Pregnancy was very important to Egyptians
- Images and symbols of fertility were of great importance
- In Egyptian households of all classes, children of both sexes were valued and wanted
- The birth of a child was a time of great joy
|- 1.23 children born/woman
- Many Japanese youth are preferring not to marry or have families
|Causes of Death||- Although Egyptian medicine was relatively advanced,
the best doctors of antiquity were mostly powerless against many diseases that can be cured today.
- Malnutrition - Egyptian food lacked certain vitamins and proteins essential to health
- Viruses and epidemics which had no cure in ancient times, such as malaria and smallpox
- Attacks by wild animals, such as scorpions and crocodiles were a great danger.
- Gastrointestinal disorders were common under poor sanitary conditions
|- Diseases associated with old age
- Incurable heart diseases, cancer and accidents