Comparison Between Egyptian and Indian Mathematics
Criteria  Egyptian Mathematics  Ancient Indian Mathematics 

Images  
Achievements 
Evidence of some mathematical knowledge, but contribution to modern
arithmetic only evident in the Ptolemaic Period
 Major contributions to the development of modern mathematics

Number System 
 Systems were not well suited for arithmetical calculations, addition of numerals was quite satisfactory, multiplication and division were essentially impossible.  Since trade required dealing with fractions, multiplication and division, Egyptians devised methods of multiplication and division which only involved addition.   HinduArabic numerals are considered an important milestone in the development of mathematics. 
Numeral Hieroglyphs
 Developed in 3200 BC (Early Dynastic Period) and carved in stone
 7 Symbols
 For example 5120 is written as
 The higher number is written to the left of the lower number
 Where there is more than one row of numbers reading starts at the top.
Hieratic Numerals
 36 Symbols
 No positional system  numerals could be written in any order.
For example 5120 is written as :
or