[an error occurred while processing this directive] Egyptian Magic - Heka [an error occurred while processing this directive]
  • Religion
  • Egyptian Magic - Heka

  • Comparison Between Egyptian and Vodoo Magic

    Criteria Egyptian Magic - Heka Black African Magic - Voodoo
    Images Egyptian Magic Voodoo Magic
    Concept -Modern popular beliefs and culture has completely distorted the true nature of magic in ancient Egypt,
    -Egyptian Magic was an integral part of the religion, and spells were mainly used for protection purposes or white magic, in an organized manner
    -The magic spells of the Book of the Dead, Coffin Texts and all other sacred texts, were recited as a method of praying very similar to the praying of the Abraham religions when reading verses of the Bible, Quran and Torah
    -Spells and texts were standardized through long periods of time, this is again very similar to the Holy sacred books Abraham religions
    -There were strict rules for using spells, and this activity was performed in temples according to known codes
    -Folk magic deals with secular needs such as love, money and sex, and is not directly linked to an organized religious doctrine
    -Voodoo has its roots and foundations in necromancy or black magic
    -Voodoo believers claim that spirits (Loa) rule over the world's affairs in matters of family, love, happiness, justice, wealth and revenge. Evil and good spirits are summoned according to the client purpose
    -Voodoo magicians have the power to invent individual spells and methods according to beneficent plans.
    -Every king on the West African Coast has a "rain-maker" witch. These used their power in causing storms of rain, wind, and lightning, when required by the king. Failure would simply mean death.
    Magicians -Egyptian magic was practiced by priests, who were seen as guardians of divine knowledge, and practiced magic as part of their daily duties in temples, festivals and funerals
    -Magic was not a business, and priests did not engaged in direct economic activities from this profession
    -The general public was not allowed to recite these magical spells, due to their lack of proper purification and their low level of education.
    -Voodoo magic is practiced by witches, sorcerers, shamans, fetishists - makers of charms, or bone setters
    -The profession is maintained by collecting money and gifts from the public.
    -While Egyptian priesthood demands a life of the greatest purity and the practice of every virtue, the Voodoo necromancer must outrage and degrade human nature in every way conceivable. The very least of the crimes to attain the power sought is actual murder, by which the human victim essential to the sacrifice is provided.
    Protection -The single most important use of magic in ancient Egypt was to provide protection
    -The vast majority of spells found in sacred texts and inscriptions served this important purpose
    -Amulets were magical symbols of protection used in ornaments, and articles of dress and jewelry, made of various substances, to protect the human body, either living or dead, from baleful influences
    -until the end of the Middle Kingdom, priests performed lengthy consecration rituals on amulets carried by the living, the appropriate chapter from the Book of the Dead was read
    -Staring form the New Kingdom, the original consecration ritual was now considered unnecessary for amulets worn by the living persons, the amulet only needed to be inscribed with the chapter number or the first line of the prayer.
    However, the original consecration ritual was still performed on funerary amulets, which doubled the amulets' powers.
    Furthermore, the drawing of an amulet or any sacred symbol contained the identical power as the actual amulet, to accomplish this task the scribe and tools used had to be purified.
    -Talismans and charms, are believed to be the source of an impersonal force. These are often worn on the body, hanging from the neck or strapped to the arm or leg.
    -Superstition formulae are endowed with the power of warding off harmful influences, avert danger and to dispel evil
    Healing -Healing magic was under the patron of Sekhmet
    -Magic was not an alternative to professional medical treatment, it was a complementary therapy.
    -However, some of the more superstitious emphasis with regards to medicine, seems to have been from the Late Period, for initially in early medical papyri, there is no mention of magical incantations or spells.
    -In the Late Period dead souls were blamed for illnesses or injuries. Letters to the dead imploring them to cease their curses on the living became common.
    -Magic is the only fundamental medical therapy in west Africa. Sorcerers provide medical aid with magic spells
    -Voodoo magic includes dream analysis to find a cure or cause for illness
    Curses and Manipulation -Limited use of destructive spells against:
    1. Enemies of the country, - the names of foreign enemies were inscribed on clay pots, tablets and figurines. These objects were then burned, broken or buried
    2. Tomb robbers - magical spells were placed in tombs to curse robbers and intruders
    Widespread use of Wicca, or evil magic against innocent people for tailored purposes.
    -The use of nefarious plots and scheme intended to bring calamities upon those against whom it was directed, including spells for killing, revenge, cheating and inflicting pain or bad luck
    -The Voodoo doll is used to represent the spirit of a specific person. It is used in the manipulation of people by addressing the doll as if talking to that person, requesting a change in attitude, influencing the person to act in accordance with desires.

    Amulets - Magical Symbols of Protection

    Ankh -symbol of life


    Cartouche - Royal Encircling Protection


    Djed - Protection of the Back and Spine


    Eye of Horus - Sign for Healing

    Eye of Horus Eye of Horus

    Knot of Isis (Tyet)- Sign of Fertility

    Knot of Isis

    Lotus Flower - Sign for Rebirth


    Scarab - Protector of the Heart


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