|Title||The Sun Disk|
|Patron - Dominion||The only god and creator of the universe - Under Akhenaten rule Only|
|Dedicated temples||Temples in Akhetaten|
|Appearance||the physically visible sun|
A sun disk with rays which end in hands
|Cult|| The Aten-disk was venerated as a form of god from the late Middle Kingdom
- During the reign of Akhenaten, the Aten was made the king god. Akhenaten considered Aten as the only god, and creator of the universe, Beginning with Akhenaten father, Amenhotep 3, Aten enjoyed a higher level of worship, and during Akhenaten reign, for reasons not entirely clear in the ancient historic record, Akhenaten declared all other Names invalid and Their priests useless, and ordered Egypt to worship him as the "Sole One of Aten," who would then take the people's prayers to His Father (he did not order them to worship Aten; the texts state that only Akhenaten is qualified to do this as the Disk's intermediary).
- A backlash against the Atenist movement by the priesthood of Amun after Akhenaten death resulted in the loss of much of this Name's information in Egypt.
- Akhenaten religious reforms (later regarded heretical and reverted by his successor Tutankhamen), are the earliest known form of monotheism in Egypt.
Atenism And scientific MethologyMany scholars have contended that Akhenaten was the first example of a scientific mind, and that the worship of the Aten satisfies correct scientific conceptions about the importance the sun and solar energy for life on earth.
Read The complete Hymn-poem to Aten for further reference
|Criteria||Akhenaten Atenism - the Hymn-poem to Aten||Scientific Views|
O sole god, like whom there is no other!
Thou didst create the world according to thy desire,
Every leg is on the move since you founded the earth.
You rouse them for your son who came from your body.
|The Earth was created 4.54 billion years ago when part of the Sun's accretion disc agglomerated into a spherical body which cooled down to form the Earth|
Those on earth come from your hand as you made them.
When you have dawned they live.
When you set they die;
You yourself are lifetime, one lives by you.
|The solar energy is the main reason for life, without it life will immediately cease to exist on earth|
When you have made the Nile beneath the earth,
you bring it according to your will
to make the people to live
Aten of the day,
revered by every distant land,
you make their life,
you placed a Nile in heaven
that it may rain upon them,
that it may make waters upon the hills
like the great sea,
watering their fields amongst their cities.
Rain is a major component of the water cycle and is responsible for depositing most of the fresh water on the Earth, including the Nile and all rivers.
Solar heating is an essential component of the water cycle.
Water is an essential element in every living organism,
the nature of the Aten daily activity revolves around recreating the earth on a daily basis.
It also focuses on the present life rather than on eternity.
The evolution of the universe and life on earth is an ongoing activity which has no fixed starting or ending dates as assumed by major religions
Eternity is a myth
Poll: Do you agree that the Hymn to Aten satisfies modern scientific conceptions about the energy of the solar system?