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The Great Pyramid is the largest of all the Pyramids and is situated at Giza on the outskirts of Modern Cairo. The Pyramid was built for the Pharaoh Khufu.
  1. The Great Pyramid seen from the North East
  2. The North face of the Great Pyramid with the small entrance made by Caliph al-Mamum below the original entrance
  3. Original casimg stones at the base of the Northern face of the Pyramid.
  4. Core blocks on the South face of the Great Pyramid.
  5. Limestone gables over the original entrance to the Pyramid.
  6. Just visible on one of the limestone gables over the entrance is a hieroglyphic inscription. It dates from the 19th century and is not ancient
  7. Now laying outside the original entrance to the Great Pyramid is a granite block that is probably the remains of one of the portcullis stones that once fitted in the grooves in the ante-chamber
  8. The tunnel cut by al-Mamum in the 9th century.
  9. The point where the tunnel cut by al-Mamum turns towards the remaining plugs and the begining of the ascending corridor.
  10. View down to the Descending Corridor just below the Granite Plugs.
  11. The end of one of the granite plugs seen in the ceiling of the descending passage. A limestone plug originally hid the granite thus hiding the route into the upper parts of the Pyramid.
  12. The passage to the lower subterranean chambers in the Great Pyramid is rarely opened now. Al MAmun's tunnel can just be seen in this photograph opening to the right just before the grill sealing the descending passage.
  13. A view looking back towards the original entrance taken from just below the point where the granite plug is visible in the passage ceiling.
  14. Granite plugs in the Descending Corridor that were by-passed by al-Mamum's men.
  15. A view past the granite plugs to the begining of the ascending corridor.
  16. Looking back at the front of the third granite plug from the ascending corridor.
  17. The Ascending Corridor, 36m in length and Im high.
  18. Entrance to the so called Queens Chamber.
  19. Looking back at the end wall of the Grand Gallery with the entrance passage to the Queens Chamber in the centre.
  20. Ceiling of the Queen's Chamber. The pointed ceiling of the Queen's Chamber rising to 6.2 m. The room measures 5.7 m east to west and 5.2 m north to south.
  21. The Niche in the Queen's Chamber.
  22. The Grand Gallery is 47 m long and 8.5 m high.
  23. A continuous groove runs the whole length of the Grand Galley cut almost an inch deep into the third projecting corbel on both sides.
  24. View down the Grand Gallery.
  25. Entrance to the Kings Chamber. A low passage leads first to a small Anti-chamber and then to the Kings Chamber.
  26. At the top end of the Grand Gallery a small gap leads to the first of five so called "Relieving Chambers". It was in one of these chambers that the only mention of Khufu's name was found.
  27. The point where the floor of the Anti-chamber changes from limestone to granite.
  28. The South wall of the Ante-chamber. Four grooves (heavily restored) probably allowed for the ropes that supported the final of three portcullis stones.
  29. The grooves in the South wall of the Ante-chamber continue to the ceiling. This view also shows one of the slots to hold the portcullis stones.
  30. On the South face of the Leaf is a piece of stone that has been left raised above the surface of the rest of the block. It is approximately 5 inches across. Petrie concidered it to be a 'Boss' left after quarrying and not important. Other theories conclude that it is an important part of the mechanism to release the portcullis stones.
  31. The North face of the so-called Leaf stone. It is cemented into place in a fourth slot that does not reach the floor of the Ante-chamber.
  32. Above each of the three slots on the West wall of the Ante-chamber are semi-circular features. These are assumed to be for holding rollers to support the portcullis stones
  33. The top section of the Southern Wall of the Ante-Chamber is limestone unlike the granite below
  34. The Kings Chamber is composed of granite. It is 10.8 m from east to west, 5.2 m from north to south and 5.8 m high.
  35. The entrance to the King's Chamber seen from the inside
  36. The King's Coffer is cut from a single piece of Aswan granite. It is 2.25 m long, 1 m wide and 1 m high.
  37. In the top of the back wall of the the Coffer are three small holes. These probably held pins to seal the Coffer when it was slid into place.
  38. The Northern "Air Shaft" in the King's Chamber
  39. A ramp runs up each side of the Grand Gallery each with 28 cavities cut into it. Matching slots in the wall have been filled with stone blocks.
  40. A ramp runs up each side of the Grand Gallery each with 28 cavities cut into it. Matching slots in the wall have been filled with stone blocks. The filling stone is missing from this cavity
  41. In 1837 the English army officer Howard Vyse searched for a Southern entrance to the Pyramid by using dynamite to blast a hole. He found nothing and soon gave up. The resulting scar has come to be know as 'Vyse's hole'.
  42. The remains of a Basalt Pavement on the Eastern side of the Great Pyramid.
  43. The three Giza Pyramids with the South Eastern corner of the Great Pyramid in the foreground.
  44. Now displayed next to the Solar Barge Museum these stones once formed the roof of the boat pit.
  45. Khufu's "Solar Barge" on display in a specially built museum beside the south face of the Great Pyramid. It is 43.4 m long and 5.6 m wide. It was found in a "Boat pit" and reassembled from 1224 pieces.
  46. Another photo of Khufu's "Solar Barge" on display in a specially built museum beside the south face of the Great Pyramid. It is 43.4 m long and 5.6 m wide. It was found in a "Boat pit" and reassembled from 1224 pieces.
  47. A third photo of Khufu's "Solar Barge" on display in the museum beside the south face of the Great Pyramid. It is 43.4 m long and 5.6 m wide. It was found in a "Boat pit" and reassembled from 1224 pieces.
  48. A modern model of the Solar Barge displayed in the museum
  49. A bundle of original rope from the Solar Barge. It's made from Halfa grass.
  50. A flint stone knife found in the boat fit and now in the museum.

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By Ayman Fadl - Copyright © 2001-2014