Lower Egypt - port city in the northeast Delta
It lies on the Tanitic branch of the Nile, which is currently silted up.
|Nome||Royal child - the 19th Nome of Lower Egypt|
|Type of Settlement||Capital City|
|Local deity||The holy triad of Amun, Mut and Khonsu.|
This triad was identical to that of Thebes.
|Ancient name||Djane by Egyptians|
Zoan by Hebrews - the Biblical city from which the Exodus began
|Contemporary name||San El-Hagar|
|Historical Development||- Founded around the time of the 20th Dynasty in the new Kingdom
- Capital city of the 21st and 22d dynasties in the Third Intermediate Period, when Egypt was divided between North and South.
- The Tanite rulers brought existing statues and monuments from elsewhere in Egypt to build and decorate their capital, that was characterized by an eclectic reuse of materials that were usurped from other locations and earlier reigns.
- The city became an important port for Asiatic trade, and a centre of textiles manufacture
- However, to due flooding problems, it declined during the Roman period, and by the 14th century, the region was deserted.
|Necropolis||The necropolis is inside the main temple walls and contain 21st and 22nd Dynasty tombs of Osorkon 2, Psusennes I, and Shoshenq 3, which were built of stones removed from other sites.|
The artifacts from the Tanis necropolis are the most important source of knowledge covering royal funerary goods of the Third Intermediate Period.
|Monuments||- The Great temple