• Geography
  • Sinai Peninsula

  • Comparison Between the Sinai and Italian Peninsulas

    Criteria Sinai Peninsula Italian Peninsula
    Images Sinai Peninsula Italian peninsula
    Geography - Area: 60,000 km2 - Area: 223,000 km2
    Climate - Extremely hot and harsh arid deserts that receive very little precipitation in any form - Mediterranean climate, with mild humid winters, and harm dry summers
    Rivers and water resources - No rivers run though the peninsula - no source of fresh water
    - No natural lakes
    - Few oasis's such as Ain Umm Ahmed and Wadi Feiran, are the only source of life in this otherwise unlivable region
    - Many rivers including the Po (645 km long), the Volturno, the Roman Tiber and the Arno
    - Important lakes such as Como, Lugano and Maggiore
    Human Settlements - For three millennia, Sinai remained sparsely inhabited, serving primarily as a mining region and as a military route between Egypt and the great civilizations of the Fertile Crescent.
    - The majority of the limited population lived along the north coast and the few oasis's
    - 1970 population - 60,000 (1 person per square kilometer)
    - 2007 population - 600,000
    - Important cities and civilizations flourished along the Italian Peninsula.
    - Rome, Venice, Florence, Naples and Milan are examples of historical locations.
    - 2007 population - 59 millions (196 persons per square kilometer)
    Historical Development - Natural border and buffer zone between Asia and the Nile valley
    - Sinai owed its importance to the Egypt's economy for its valuable minerals - Egyptian presence in Sinai dates back from 3000 BC, when they developed the peninsula's copper and turquoise Mines
    - No civilizations or important cultures have originated here.
    - Around 1400 BC, Moses led the Israelites through its "great and terrible wilderness" on the epic journey recounted in Exodus.
    - Land of the Roman Civilization
    - Home of the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries.
    - The Italian peninsula has been of critical importance to human history throughout the ages.
    Vegetation and wildlife - Arid desert - Mediterranean agriculture
    - Coniferous forests