Comparison Between the Sinai and Italian Peninsulas
|Criteria||Sinai Peninsula||Italian Peninsula|
|Geography||- Area: 60,000 km2||- Area: 223,000 km2|
|Climate||- Extremely hot and harsh arid deserts that receive very little precipitation in any form||- Mediterranean climate, with mild humid winters, and harm dry summers|
|Rivers and water resources||- No rivers run though the peninsula - no source of fresh water
- No natural lakes
- Few oasis's such as Ain Umm Ahmed and Wadi Feiran, are the only source of life in this otherwise unlivable region
|- Many rivers including the Po (645 km long), the Volturno, the Roman Tiber and the Arno
- Important lakes such as Como, Lugano and Maggiore
|Human Settlements||- For three millennia, Sinai remained sparsely inhabited, serving primarily as a mining region and as a military route between Egypt and the great civilizations of the Fertile Crescent.
- The majority of the limited population lived along the north coast and the few oasis's
- 1970 population - 60,000 (1 person per square kilometer)
- 2007 population - 600,000
|- Important cities and civilizations flourished along the Italian Peninsula.
- Rome, Venice, Florence, Naples and Milan are examples of historical locations.
- 2007 population - 59 millions (196 persons per square kilometer)
|Historical Development||- Natural border and buffer zone between Asia and the Nile valley
- Sinai owed its importance to the Egypt's economy for its valuable minerals - Egyptian presence in Sinai dates back from 3000 BC, when they developed the peninsula's copper and turquoise Mines
- No civilizations or important cultures have originated here.
- Around 1400 BC, Moses led the Israelites through its "great and terrible wilderness" on the epic journey recounted in Exodus.
|- Land of the Roman Civilization
- Home of the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries.
- The Italian peninsula has been of critical importance to human history throughout the ages.
|Vegetation and wildlife||- Arid desert||- Mediterranean agriculture
- Coniferous forests
Video: the Exodus - Egypt to Sinai