• Geography
  • Kahun (El-Lahun)

  • Senusret 2 Kahun Pyramid
    Kahun Town
    Location Upper Egypt - south entrance to the depression of the Fayum oasis, south of Hawara
    West bank of the Nile
    Nome2th nome of Upper Egypt Southern Sycamore - the 20th Nome of Upper Egypt
    Type of SettlementWorkers village founded by Senusret 2 and inhabited for about a century
    Local deity- Sobek
    Necropolis- Burials from the Early Dynastic period until the Ptolemaic Period can be found in the hills around the town.
    - The 12th Mastaba of Chancellor Inpy (the architect of Senusret 2 pyramid )
    Ancient nameHotepsenusret
    Contemporary nameEl-Lahun
    Monuments 1- The Middle Kingdom Pyramid of Senusret 2
    2- The Pharaoh also established the first known worker's village, located about 800m from the pyramid, on the edge of cultivation. This settlement provided considerable information to archaeologists and Egyptologists on the common lives of Egyptians.
    A major feature of the town was the so-called 'acropolis' building. This was an important building, as indicated by the presence of column bases
    3- Also found are the Kahun papyri, made up of about 1000 fragments, covering legal and medical matters.
    Town Layout- Rectangular shape, covering an area of 350 by 400 meters
    - It was surrounded by a brick wall and divided into two parts by another wall dividing the poor and rich residential areas.
    - There was a rich residential area, where a handful of 60 room large houses were fifty times as big as the houses in the poorer half of the city
    - The 44 m2 houses of the workmen had two rooms on the ground floor, and access to the flat roof, which was used as living and storing space.
    - The Great houses were 2700 m2 each and served as living quarters for the high officials in charge of the construction work.
    - The streets all over the city were laid out in straight lines.
    - The alleys leading to the workers' houses ended in culs-de-sacs
    - The main street was nine meters wide, as opposed to the alleys and streets in the workers districts which were as narrow as 1.5 meters
    - There was no space left for gardens inside the walls of the city. The whole area was covered with streets and one-storey mud-brick buildings.
    - The streets had shallow stone channels running down the middle for drainage