Upper Egypt - West bank of the River Nile, 20
kilometers north of Edfu
|Nome||The rural - the 3rd Nome of Upper Egypt|
|Type of Settlement||Pre-dynastic Capital city|
Greek Hierakonpolis - the city of the falcon|
Egyptian - Nekhen
|Modern name||Kom El-Ahmar|
|Historical Development||- It was the religious and political capital of Upper Egypt at the end of the Pre-Dynastic Period
- The rulers of Hierakonpolis were active in the wars between Upper and Lower Egypt around 3150 BC, which were concluded with their victory and the unification of Egypt under Menes. After this event, the city retained its importance as a cult center but the capital moved to Memphis, and the city declined.
- In the Old Kingdom, the city was replaced by Edfu as both provincial capital and religious center.
- The city is an important archaeological site. Being the only major site of this formative time still preserved, containing houses, cemeteries, temples, industrial zones and administrative buildings