Upper Egypt - midway between Memphis and Thebes
West bank of the Nile
|Nome||Hare - the 15th Nome of Upper Egypt|
|Type of Settlement||Religious center|
|Local deity||- Thoth |
- The city was also the cult center of the Ogdoad, the eight primeval deities who created the world, according to one of several Egyptian traditions
|Necropolis||- Located nearby at Tuna el-Gebel, it has catacombs of ibis and baboon burials.
- There are thousands of mummified baboons, ibises and ibis eggs. Several underground cult chapels cased with limestone blocks formed the entrance rooms into the ibis galleries.
- The rooms were 15 m long and contained cult niches with facades decorated with the shape of superimposed chapels carrying Uraeus friezes. These animals were sacred to Thoth cult.
|Ancient name||Egyptian - Khemenu (The City of the Eight)|
Greek - Hermopolis "the city of Hermes". Thoth resembled Hermes in Greek mythology
|Contemporary name||El Ashmunein|
|Historical Development||- Old Kingdom - the town was an important cult centre
- Ptolemaic Period - the city grew into a large metropolis honoring Hermes ( Thoth ). The city became the capital of the Hare Nome (district)
- During the Islamic period the city was heavily plundered, who burned monumental stones for lime or carried them away for building materials