• Geography
  • Hawara

  • Hawara pyramid
    Hawara pyramid
    Location Upper Egypt - south entrance to the depression of the Fayum oasis, north of Kahun
    West bank of the Nile, next to one of the channels connecting the river to the lake of the oasis
    Nome20th nome of Upper Egypt Southern Sycamore - the 20th Nome of Upper Egypt
    Type of SettlementNecropolis
    Local deity- Sobek
    Ancient nameHet-waret- "Place of the Leg"
    Historical Development- Middle Kingdom - The pyramid of Amenemhet 3 from the 12th Dynasty, was the final resting place of this ruler
    The complex mortuary temple with galleries and courtyards that stood adjacent to the pyramid was called a "The labyrinth" by ancient historians such as Herodotus.
    - Ptolemaic Period - Ptolemy 2 demolished the "labyrinth". He used the limestone columns and blocks removed from Hawara, for massive construction projects in his new city Arsinoe.
    - Roman period - A vast Roman necropolis with the 146 Fayum portraits on coffins. These portraits are famous as being among the very few surviving examples of painted portraits from Classical Antiquity, which make them a very important archaeological discovery
    1. The intact pyramid tomb of Neferu-Ptah, daughter of Amenemhet 3. This tomb was found about 2km South of the Pharaoh's pyramid.
    2. A great papyrus roll which contains parts of books 1 and 2 of the Iliad (the "Hawara Homer")