Lower Egypt - overlooking the Egyptian capital of Memphis
West bank of Nile, bordering the Sahara Desert
|Nome||White fortress - the 1st Nome of Lower Egypt|
|Type of Settlement||Necropolis|
|Local deity||Horemakhet - a special local form of Horus|
|Ancient name||Imentet (The West)|
1- Old Kingdom's |
3000 BC Djet of the 1st Dynasty started building his tomb in the plateau
2500 BC Giza became an important Royal necropolis of the 4th Dynasty
2- Middle Kingdom - the necropolis of Giza was abandoned. The pyramids were forcefully opened and plundered by thieves. The causeways and temples were even used as quarries by the Pharaohs of the 12th Dynasty.
3- New Kingdom - the site regained considerable religious significance, and was used as for the private Mastabas of high officials and nobles of Lower Egypt. Pharaohs of the 18th and 19th Dynasties erected Stelae between the paws of the Sphinx, which was seen as an image of the sun god Harmachis
4- Late Kingdom - Osiris became the dominant god of the area, High, massive pedestals were added to the body of the Sphinx, on which chapels of Osiris and Isis stood.