• Geography
  • Ancient Crocodilopolis City

  • Senusret Obelisk Location Upper Egypt - southwest of Memphis
    West bank of the Nile
    Nome21st nome of Upper Egypt AAtef-Pehu - the 21st Nome of Upper Egypt
    Type of SettlementReligious center
    Local deityThe crocodile god Sobek
    Necropolis Meidum Pyramid from the 4th Dynasty
    Kahun
    Hawara
    Ancient nameEgyptian - Shedyet
    Greek - Arsinoe (after the wife of Ptolemy 2 Philadelphus )
    Contemporary nameMedinet El-Fayum
    Historical Development- The City area is separated from the Nile Valley by a thin ridge and contains the large Lake Moeris, around which the life in the area has always rotated.
    - Middle Kingdom - Crocodilopolis first gained prominence after draining of the Fayum oasis swamp, creating a new, fertile province. The level of the lake was artificially regulated, and large monuments were built around its shore.
    In the 12th Dynasty the city became the capital of Egypt.
    - Late Kingdom - The nearby town of Dionysius flourished (today called Qasr Karun)
    - Ptolemaic Period - Ptolemy 2 Philadelphus extended the town, building Greek temples and schools, and turned it into a Hellenic city, of which he made his wife Arsinoe the protective goddess
    - Thereafter the district became known as the Arsinoite Nome and the capital as Arsinoe.
    - Greek Arsinoe had a population of more than 100,000.
    The level of the lake was lower than in the past but still higher than today
    Monuments- Very few remains of antiquity, except a few sculptured blocks, have been found
    - A great stone obelisk erected by Senusret 1 during the 12th Dynasty