Upper Egypt - southwest of Memphis
West bank of the Nile
|Nome||AAtef-Pehu - the 21st Nome of Upper Egypt|
|Type of Settlement||Religious center|
|Local deity||The crocodile god Sobek|
Meidum Pyramid from the 4th Dynasty|
|Ancient name||Egyptian - Shedyet|
Greek - Arsinoe (after the wife of Ptolemy 2 Philadelphus )
|Contemporary name||Medinet El-Fayum|
|Historical Development||- The City area is separated from the Nile Valley by a thin ridge and contains the large Lake Moeris, around which the life in the area has always rotated.
- Middle Kingdom - Crocodilopolis first gained prominence after draining of the Fayum oasis swamp, creating a new, fertile province. The level of the lake was artificially regulated, and large monuments were built around its shore.
In the 12th Dynasty the city became the capital of Egypt.
- Late Kingdom - The nearby town of Dionysius flourished (today called Qasr Karun)
- Ptolemaic Period - Ptolemy 2 Philadelphus extended the town, building Greek temples and schools, and turned it into a Hellenic city, of which he made his wife Arsinoe the protective goddess
- Thereafter the district became known as the Arsinoite Nome and the capital as Arsinoe.
- Greek Arsinoe had a population of more than 100,000.
The level of the lake was lower than in the past but still higher than today
|Monuments||- Very few remains of antiquity, except a few sculptured blocks, have been found
- A great stone obelisk erected by Senusret 1 during the 12th Dynasty
Video: The portraits of Faiyum | Rafael Pérez Arroyo, Hymn to the Seven Hathor
"Faces from the Past" The portraits of Faiyum (Egypt - I th BC - II th AD) Music: Hymn to the Seven Hathor (from 'Music in the Age of the Pyramids') composed......