Upper Egypt - 60 km north of Thebes
West bank of Nile
|Nome||The crocodile - the 6th Nome of Upper Egypt|
|Type of Settlement||Religious Center|
Remains of Old Kingdom tombs scattered in the desert|
On the west end of the necropolis are brick-vaulted catacombs of Late Kingdom animal burials, primarily birds, dogs and cows.
|Ancient name||Egyptian - Iunet|
Greek - Tentyris
|Historical Development||- The city was a religious center of Hathor worship, but never an important political center
- The population of the town has, since antiquity, moved to Qena across the Nile on the east bank.
|The Temple||- One of the best preserved of all the temples in Egypt, dedicated to Hathor, and built by Ptolemy 8 Physcon and later elements were added by the Romans.
- The complex included two birth houses, a sacred lake, two chapels dedicated to Osiris and Isis.
- The complex was surrounded by high mud brick walls that were built in alternating concave and convex sections. This produced a wavy structure that is assumed to signify the primordial sea which surrounds the symbolic mound of birth and regeneration on which the temple was built.
Video: DENDERAH, The Dawn of Astronomy, English Part 1
At the Temple of Denderah astronomy began. Egyptian priests called Kabirim or heaven measurers set up the Temple as a telescope. Its doors framed the sector of the sky were one special star......