|Location||- The exact location of the city was long lost, but rediscovered in the 1920s
- Lower Egypt - northeast of the Delta
- It lies on the Pelusiac branch of the Nile, which is currently silted up.
|Nome||Capital of Royal child - the 19th Nome of Lower Egypt|
|Type of Settlement||Capital City|
|Local deity||Second Intermediate Period - The desert god Seth |
New Kingdom - Ra
|Contemporary name||Tell el-Dab'a|
|Historical Development||- Second Intermediate Period - The Hyksos built their fortified Capital city over a Middle Kingdom town they had captured.
- New Kingdom - 18th Dynasty: Avaris was captured by Ahmose 1, who ended Hyksos rule, the city was razed to the ground in the aftermath of the Egyptian triumph.
19th Dynasty: Avaris was reoccupied when Pharaoh Ramses 1 founded his new capital city at the old site.
The new city called Pi-Ramesse flourished and poems were written over its splendor.
20th Dynasty: The demise of Egyptian authority in Syria and Palestine made the city less significant.
- Third Intermediate Period - When the 21st Dynasty established their capital in Tanis, to the north-west of Pi-Ramesse, the city deteriorated.
- The location of the city was lost, however in 1929 the earliest phase of the town was discovered n the fields around el-Qantir, including tiles with the name of Seti 1 and Ramses 2, and a mud brick palace.
By late 1999 an area of 75,000 m2 was excavated in the area including ancient houses, administrative quarters of a vast palace and temple compound.
|Necropolis||- Excavations uncovered a Hyksos cemetery dating from the late 13th Dynasty, situated to the west of the main temple's enclosure wall.|
|Monuments||- The Hyksos built a Canaanite-style temple dedicated to god Seth
- Discoveries from the 19th Dynasty include the foundations of palace buildings, temples, arsenals, storehouses, stables and tombs. Pi-Ramesse spread over a vast area of about 10 square kilometers, making the city one of the largest of Egypt
Video: Strong evidence for Joseph's Tomb and Palace in Egypt!
"Moses took the bones of Joseph with him because Joseph had made the sons of Israel swear an oath. He had said, "God will surely come to your aid, and then you must carry my bones up with you......