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Aswan
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Aswan obelisks
Unfinished obelisk
Location- East bank of Nile
- Upper Egypt - immediately north of the first cataract. Navigation to the delta was possible from this location without encountering a barrier. From this frontier town to the northern extremity of Egypt the river flows for more than 1100 km without bar or cataract.
- The voyage from Aswan to Alexandria usually occupied between 21 and 28 days in favourable weather.
Nome1st nome of Upper Egypt Land of the arch - the 1st Nome of Upper Egypt
Type of SettlementGarrison town
Necropolis The Royal Tombs of Aswan - Nobles built a necropolis of rock cut tombs on the high cliffs on the West bank of the Nile.
Local deityAnqet the embracer - goddess of fertility and the Nile
Ancient nameSwentet
Historical Development- Since the Early Dynastic period the city marked the southern frontier of Egypt. Swenet was the first town in the country
- The Ancient Egyptians considered the 1st cataract just south of the city to be the sacred source of the Nile,
- Throughout all ancient history, the city was a garrison town for the Egyptian army
- A major trade center with Nubia and the rest of Africa, and here were levied toll and custom on all boats passing southward and northward
- The Mining quarries located here were celebrated for their stone, and especially for the granitic rock called Syenite.
- During the Ptolemaic period, Aswan was chosen as the first capital of Upper Egypt due to its strategic location, and the Ptolemies used it as a base to enter Nubia
-Aswan Dam - Construction began in 1960 and was completed on 1970, the aim of this water project was to prevent the river's flooding, generate electricity and provide water for agriculture.
Without impoundment, the River Nile would flood each year during summer, these floods brought nutrients and minerals that made the soil around the Nile fertile
As the population along the river grew, there came a need to control the flood waters to support agriculture In a high-water year, the whole crop may be entirely wiped out, while in a low-water year there was widespread drought and famine
The Lake reservoir behind the dam raised concerns from archaeological site and a rescue operation was implemented by the UNESCO, 24 major monuments were moved to safer locations
Monuments
  1. Elephantine Island
  2. Philae Island - Dedicated to the worship of Isis and Osiris
  3. The Unfinished Obelisk - It lies in a rock quarry and where abandoned when workers discovered a crack that would have ruined the massive structure. From this failure, scholars have learned much about how obelisks were made.
    It was ordered by Queen Hatshepsut conmemorating her 16th anniversary on the throne. It is nearly one third larger than any ancient Egyptian obelisk ever erected. If finished it would have measured around 42 m
    On the Unfinished Obelisk sides are two shafts where workers cut away the surrounding red granite with implements made of the harder dolomite stone, leaving the rock they intended to use. Later, artists would have carved or painted hieroglyphics onto the stone, featuring the Pharaoh name in oval cartouches.

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Video: Egypt: Ancient temples at Luxor, Aswan, Abu Simbel, Kom Ombo and Edfu

Luxor was the ancient city of Thebes, the great capital of Egypt during the New Kingdom, and the glorious city of the God Amon-Ra. Luxor has frequently been ......

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Poll: The construction of the Aswan Dam caused a number of environmental and cultural problems. It flooded much of lower Nubia including valuable archaeological sites. Do you think this project was a disaster?

Answers:
17%
18 votes

20%
21 votes

61%
62 votes

Total votes:
101

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By Ayman Fadl - Copyright © 2001-2014