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  • Thutmose 3

  • Thutmose 3 Rule:18th Dynasty: 1458-1425 BC
    Predecessor:Mother in law Hatshepsut
    Father:Thutmose 2
    Mother:Iset, a harem girl
    Nomen:Birth name: Thutmose: Born of the god Thoth
    Praenomen:Throne name: Aakheperkare: Great is the soul of Ra
    Consorts:- Thutmose's consort Hatshepsut-Merytre was the daughter of his father Thutmose 2 and mother in law Hatshepsut, and his own half sister. she survived him and lived as Queen Mother into the reign of her son.
    - He also had several minor queens acquired in diplomatic exchanges, including Menhet, Menwi and Merti whose tombs were discovered at Deir el Bahri
    Capital City:Thebes
    Reign: Thutmose 3 (known as the Napoleon of Egypt) was a great Pharaoh, he succeeded his mother in law Hatshepsut with her death, and revenged himself by defacing her monuments
    - He is regarded as one of the greatest of Egypt's warrior Pharaohs, ruling from 1458-1425 BC
    - His battles were recorded in great detail by his royal Scribe and army commander, Thanuny, on the inside walls surrounding the granite sanctuary at Karnak, and inscriptions on Thanuny's tomb
    - He decided that the Levant offered the greatest potential for glory and wealth if the trade routes dominated by Syrian, Palestinian and Aegean rulers could be taken, and started a series of military campaigns along the Syrian coast.
    - During these campaigns he won decisive battles, and established Egyptian dominance over Palestine where he captured 350 cities.
    - He also made campaigns into Nubia where he built temples and restored Senusret's 3 old canal so that his armies could pass safely on their return to Egypt.
    - His vast empire stretched from southern Syria (Canaan) to Nubia. Egypt was at it's golden moment and the most important regional power

    Thutmose built many projects in Egypt and Nubia, including a temple dedicated to the goddess Satet at Elephantine and a temple near Hatshepsut's temple in Deir el Bahri and a rock cut sanctuary to the goddess Hathor
    - But of these many monuments the most important construction took place at the Temple Amun at Karnak
    Wall relief near the sanctuary record the gifts of gold jewelry, furniture and rich perfume oils offered to the temple
    He erected the Sixth and Seventh Pylons, as well as considerable reconstruction within the central areas of the temple, two obelisks and a black granite Victory Stele embellishing his military victories.
    He also built a new temple at Karnak known the Festival Hall, In the rear is a small room with representations of animals and plants bought back from Syria during the 25th year of his reign. This room is known today as the Botanical Garden.

    Burial:- After his death, he was buried in tomb KV 34 in the Valley of Kings.
    - Royal masons concealed the tomb's entrance, but ancient robbers looted the tomb, all what remains is the carved sarcophagus and some remains of furniture and statues.
    - He was reburied in Deir el Bahri cache, and his mummy was found
    Successor:Son Amenhotep 2 out of Hatshepsut-Merytre
    Wikipedia:Thutmose 3