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  • Seti 2

  • Seti 2 Rule:19th Dynasty: 1203-1197 BC
    Predecessor:Father Merenptah
    Mother:Queen Istnofret 2
    Nomen:Birth name: Seti: He of the god Seth
    Praenomen:Throne name: Userkheperure Setepenre: Powerful are the manifestations of Ra, chosen of Ra
    Consorts:Tiaa
    Tawosret
    concubine Sutailja
    Capital City:Thebes
    Reign:
    • He was the eldest son, designated heir and military commander for his father Merenptah.
    • However after his father died, his half brother Amenmesse (Moses) out maneuvered him with the help of Asiatic followers, and proclaimed himself Pharaoh
    • Seti was forced to exile with his son Siptah
    • Seti then started military and political campaigns from Nubia in the south, up to the Sinai in the North East to regain control.
    • Ultimately Seti was able to reclaim his throne and re-conquer Egypt from his enemy Amenmesse (Moses?), who might have been forced to stay in exile is the eastern borders of Sinai
    • He ordered to remove decorations from Amenmesse's tomb KV10 in the Valley of Kings.
    • He prompted Chancellor Bay to become an important official in his court, this man of Syrian origin is might be the biblical Joseph, this decision was politically motivated since Seti felt his throne will be safe if he appointed a common foreigner as Vizier, since the latter will never have any additional ambitions concerning the throne
    • The scene between Joseph and Potiphar's wife is practically duplicated in a story preserved in the D'Orbiney Papyrus "The Tale of Two Brothers", written down for Seti 2. when he was crown prince
    • Accordingly Seti 2 might be the Biblical Potiphar and Bay was Joseph
    • His building program is limited to some work in the temple of Mut, and in Karnak he constructed for a new way station of the sacred barques in the First Court of the temple
    • He also erected two obelisks at Karnak, west of the 1st Pylon, before the "Avenue of Ram-headed Sphinxes"

    The Timna Temple of Hathor: The Golden Calf of the Bible?
    - However the most important archaeological remain of Seti 2 reign is building a temple to Hathor the cow goddess at Timna in south Israel.
    After Amenmesse (Moses) reached Timna during the Exodus, and found Hebrews worshiping Hathor in Seti's temple, he ordered the desecration of the Hathor Shrine and erected another Shrine dedicated to the worship of the Copper Snake.
    The Hathor pillars bearing her face, with cow ears, were defaced and reused, being placed upside down.
    The bronze snake found in the site is behind the Bible's description of Moses making a bronze snake for Israel to worship, and the defacement of Hathor has been recast as the destruction of the Golden Calf
    This might reveal that the Exodus occurred shortly after Seti 2 death, the time in which his Hathor temple was desecrated
    32:20 And he took the calf which they had made, and burnt it in the fire, and ground it to powder, and strawed it upon the water, and made the children of Israel drink of it.
    Part of the temple was later used by Moses, linked to the worship of a bronze serpent discovered in the area
    21:9 And Moses made a serpent of brass, and put it upon a pole, and it came to pass, that if a serpent had bitten any man, when he beheld the serpent of brass, he lived
    - For further reading: Timna Archeological Site

    Burial:- He was buried in the Valley of Kings in the unfinished tomb KV13
    Fragments of the Mummiform lid of the king's red granite sarcophagus where found in the centre of the burial chamber.
    His mortuary temple however was never found
    He was reburied in Deir el Bahri cache KV35
    Successor:Son Siptah out of concubine Sutailja
    Wikipedia:Seti 2