|Rule:||Founder of 12th Dynasty: 1991-1962 BC|
|Predecessor:||- He was a non royal man who usurped the throne from the reigning Egyptian Pharaoh Mentuhotep 4|
|Nomen:||Birth name: Amenemhet: Amun is the foremost, this is the first time in history that the name of a Pharaoh contains the name of the previously unknown local god Amun|
|Praenomen:||Throne name: Sehetepibre: Satisfied is the heart of Ra|
|Capital City:||- He moved the capital city from Thebes to Crocodilopolis on the border of Upper and Lower Egypt|
|Reign:||- He campaigned against the Libyans and the Asiatic in the Sinai
There he erected the Wall of the Prince in Sinai to guard the eastern borders.
He also built a trading post in Nubia at Karma
- He made his son Senusret 1 co-ruler in 1971 BC
- Amenemhet's line, from non-royal birth, began a golden age for Egypt.
- He was assassinated in a plot that originated in his harem of wives and consorts. He was attacked while sleeping and while later stories tell how he bravely defended himself, he was eventually slain by his own bodyguards.
The Testament of Amenemhet, included in the Milligan Papyrus and the Papyrus Sallier 2, they were written as a commemorative following Amenemhet's death.
The Testament defines royal obligations and the needs of the people, It states that there are perils awaiting a Pharaoh that is not alert to those around him, It also states that loneliness and personal sacrifice are required from a good Pharaoh.
|Burial:||- He constructed a Middle Kingdom Pyramid at el-Lisht, for his burial|
|Successor:||Son Senusret 1 out of Nefrytatenan|
Similarities betweeen The Testament of Amenemhet to Senusret and Machiavelli's PrinceThe Prince is a political treatise written by Machiavelli in 1513, is considered the first work of modern political philosophy, in which the effective truth is taken to be more important than any abstract ideal. The philosophy contined in the Testament of Amenemhet closely resembles Machiavelli's ideas
|Criteria||The Testament of Amenemhet||Machiavelli's Prince|
|Trust||Be on your guard against all who are subordinate to you when there occurs something to whose terrors no thought has been given; do not approach them in your solitude, trust no brother, know no friend, make no intimates, for there is no profit in it.||Don't even trust your friend. Don't say anything to your friend which you would not like to say to your enemy. A prince... should never bestow so much authority upon his friends but that there should always be a certain distance between them and himself, and that there should always be something left for them to desire; otherwise they will almost invariably become victims of their own imprudence|
|Conquest||I have curbed lions, I have carried off crocodiles, I have crushed the people of Wawat, I have carried off the Medjay, I have made the Asiatics slink like dogs.||A prince must not have any other object nor any other thought but war, its institutions, and its discipline; because that is the only art befitting one who commands.|
|Benevolance||It was I who made barley and loved grain; the Nile-god showed me respect in every open place, and none went hungry in my years, none went thirsty in them. Men dwelt (in peace) through what I had done, talking of me, for everything that I commanded was in good order.||it is unnecessary for a prince to have all the good qualities I have enumerated, but it is very necessary to appear to have them. And I shall dare to say this also, that to have them and always to observe them is injurious, and that to appear to have them is useful; to appear merciful, faithful, humane, religious, upright, and to be so|
|Strong Arms||Trouble has not come about me since I was born, and the like of my deeds through the exercise of my valor has not come to pass. I traveled to Elephantine, I turned back to the Delta; I have stood at the limits of the land and have seen its middle; I have attained the limits of my power by my strong arm and by my nature.||The main foundations of every state new states as well as ancient or composite ones are good laws and good arms you cannot have good laws without good arms and where there are good arms good laws inevitably follow.|
|Conspiracy||I gave success to the poor as to the wealthy, but he who ate my food raised opposition, He whom I gave my trust used it to plot. Wearers of my fine linen looked at me as if they were needy,||Conspiracies have generally been set on foot by the great, or the friends of the prince; and of these, as many have been prompted to it by an excess of benefits as by an excess of wrongs|