|Rule:||Macedonian King: 332-323 BC|
|Predecessor:||Persian Empire: 31st Dynasty|
|Father:||King Philip 2 of Macedon|
|Mother:||Epirote princess Olympias|
|Consorts:||Roxanne, the daughter of a Sogdianus nobleman|
- In December 332 BC, as part of the campaign against the Persian Empire of Darius 3, the Macedonian army and navy reached Pelusium in Egypt
- Persian governor Mazaces gave no resistance following the defeated Darius' departure back east to Persia,
- Mazaces handed over the treasury of Egypt, and in return he was kept as part of the new administration.
- Alexander left a garrison at Pelusium, and led his army to Heliopolis, the most important places in Egypt's religious life
- Egyptians, who were oppressed by the Persians, welcomed Alexander the Great.
- Alexander visited the Oracle of Amun, at Siwa, where he was declared "the son of Amun."
- He contacted Darius while he was in Egypt, and was offered a truce, with a promise to acquire some western provinces of the Persian Empire, but Alexander refused to make peace without getting the whole empire
- He left Egypt in 331 BC with Cleomenes of Naucratis as governor of the territory, and marched back to Persia to find Darius
- He initiated the building of Alexandria under the design of his chief architect Dinocrates., but never lived to see the city.
- He was inspired to choose its site by his personal interpretation of a scene from Homer's Odyssey
|Successor:||When Alexander died 323 BC, his half brother Philip Arrihidaeus and his son Alexander 4 attempted to hold the empire together, but it eventually dissolved into a number of separate kingdoms ruled by generals and their descendants.
Ptolemy 1 Soter was initially as a general alongside Cleomenes, but after the death of Alexander 4 he seized complete power and became the first Ptolemaic ruler of Egypt.
|Burial:||The embalmed body of Alexander returned to Egypt for burial 10 years after his death, but the exact location of his tomb was not found by archaeologists.|
The tomb in Alexandria was visited by important personalities and scholars.
His body was originally laid to rest in a golden sarcophagus, but Strabo, who visited Alexander's tomb in the first century AD, said that king Ptolemy 9 replaced Alexander's sarcophagus with one made of glass, melting down the original gold
|Wikipedia:||Alexander the Great|
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