Across the Nile from Thebes - West bank
Upper Egypt - 800 km south of the Mediterranean
|Nome||The sceptre - the 4th Nome of Upper Egypt|
|Type of Settlement||The Theban necropolis, which host the Tombs of the New Kingdom|
|Local deity||The holy triad of Amun, Mut and Khonsu|
|Contemporary name||Wadi Biban el-Muluk|
|Historical Development||- This location was chosen as the burial place the New Kingdom.
- The Valley was used for primary burials from 1539-1075 BC, and contains 63 tombs, The Pharaohs of this period, instead of the traditional building of pyramids and mastabas as burial chambers, now chose to be buried in rock-cut tombs
- Queens, princes and nobility were buried in the nearby Valley of The Queens
- The valley is surrounded by steep cliffs, which made it easily guarded
- The local sandstone, cut millions of years ago by torrential rains to form the Valley, is of good quality.
- The tombs were constructed and decorated by the workers of the village of Deir el-Medina, situated between this valley and the Valley of the Queens
- By the 21st Dynasty, many tombs were looted and robbed, and the priests reburied the Pharaohs of the 18th, 19th and 20th Dynasties in the Deir El Bahri Cache
- Tombs of are numbered in the order of discovery from Ramses 7 tomb KV1, to KV63 discovered in 2005.
- The tombs of Tutankhamen Kv62 and of Ramses 2 sons, are among the most splendid in the world, and the site has been the scene of much important archaeological work.
Video: Ancient Mysteries - The Secret Life of King Ramses II 1/3
Ramses II was perhaps the greatest pharaoh to rule ancient Egypt. His reign lasted 67 years--it was one of the longest in Egyptian history. As king of one of......