Comparison Between Egyptian and Mayan Pottery
|Criteria||Egyptian Pottery||Ancient Mayan Pottery|
|Techniques||- Pre-Dynastic Period - Hand made red wares produced in Nubia without a potter's wheel,
they were made by hollowing out a lump of clay and pinching it to give it's final form|
Artifacts were then dried in the sun and finally varnished with a stone, to achieve a smooth shiny surface
- Early Dynastic Period - A flat tool was used to press the clay against the other hand, this simple procedure produced thin-walled vessels. Pottery was then decorated with engraved drawings of boats and crocodiles. It was then fired in simple kilns.
- Old Kingdom - invention of the potter wheel (rotated by hand). the clay was prepared more carefully achieving better consistency, and the kilns were improved. As a result pottery was more symmetrical and the surface has a homogenous color. Enamel was applied to smoothen the surface and color the earthenware, it consisted of slip (a mixture of water and clay).
|- A potter's wheel was not used by the Mayans. Instead, Mayans used coil and slab techniques.|
|Use||- Decorated Religious artifacts:
Undecorated daily use vessels:primitive and undecorated clay bowls, vases, jars and pots
|- Practical shapes to create vessels to carry liquids and food
- Limited religious role in pottery
|Materials||Dark earthenware and stoneware||Earthenware only|
|External coat||- Enameled pottery was made from small steatite and clay artifacts, covered with colored enamel|
- True glazed pottery was made in Roman times
|- Glazing was never applied
- Clay slips (mixture of clays and minerals) were used to decorate the pottery.
|Patron Deity||Khnum - The Great Potter||secular pottery - no patron god|