Comparison Between Egyptian and Chinese Papyrus and Paper
|Criteria||Egyptian Papyrus||Ancient Chinese paper|
|History||- The word "paper" derives from the word "papyrus"
- This first paper in history was invented in 3000 BC
- It's use in paintings and writing continued until the 11th century A.D.
|- Chinese true paper was invented in 104 A.D.
- It is the immediate predecessor of modern paper
|Material||The papyrus plant:
||- Bamboo. bark of mulberry tree and water|
|Characteristics||- In a dry climate like Egypt's papyrus is durable, but storage in humid conditions destroys the material.
- Thick and heavy
|- Higher durability, particularly in moist climates
- Thin and translucent - and thus only written on one side
|Manufacture||Complicated and time consuming process
||Easier and far less expensive manufacture|
|Variety of techniques||manufacturing techniques remained unchanged for 4000 years.||During the Tang Dynasty (618-907) and the Song Dynasty (960-1279) varieties of paper were invented including:
|Spread||- Clumsier writing material|
- Expensive manufacturing
- Limited production
- Spread in Roman Empire for official purposes
|- Cheap production in small workshops|
Chinese paper making methods spread throughout the world
- Introduced to Korea, Vietnam and Japan in the 3rd century.
- By the 7th century, it reached India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Bangladesh
- By the 8th century in reached Europe.
- In 1150 A.D., Europe's first paper mill was built in Spain.
- By 1575, Mexico and Australia adopted the technique.
- Paper was affordable by the European urban working class and many peasants in the 1400s
|Conservation||- The majority of the 400,000 papyri preserved around the world are fragmentary.
- The task of papyrologists is to decipher, transcribe and reconstruct what is lost between fragments.
|- Millions of documents are preserved around the world, forming our basic knowledge of human history|