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  • Ancient Egypt on a Comparative Method
  • Ancient Egypt on a Comparative Method

  • Topics

    1. Art :

      The combination of geometric regularity and keen observation of nature is characteristic of all Egyptian art...
    2. Dynasties and Pharaohs :

      History is divided into the Old, Middle, New, and Late Kingdoms. These eras are separated from each another by the First, Second, and Third Intermediate Periods...
    3. Geography :

      Egypt was protected from outside influences, which allowed it to evolve to a homogeneous culture with slow change over time...
    4. Government :

      The ancient Egyptian government was a heavily centralized political system dominated by a single man, the Pharaoh...
    5. Technology :

      Used vast materials and resources, including the use of animal products, building materials, perfumes, fibers and glass...
    6. Religion :

      Based on polytheism - the worship of many deities, the oldest form of religion was animal worship...
    7. Sciences :

      Highly developed in medicine, and limited in astronomy and mathematics until the Ptolemaic Period...
    8. Society :

      Changed little over the centuries, based on the Social pyramid - a hierarchical structure with power residing in a headman Pharaoh ...
    9. Photos :

      An extensive collection of more than 1000 Egyptian civilization photos, covering monuments, structural details, statues and museum collections ...

    Comparison Between Egyptian and Greek Civilizations

    Criteria Egyptian Civilization Greek Civilization
    Images photo of the Great Pyramid of Giza and the Sphink photo of a classical Greek temple
    government - Centralized government dominated by the Pharaoh - Many independent city-states with a lot of different kinds of governments
    Timeline - The History of Dynastic Egypt extend through a period of 4000 years, compared to 2000 years of the entire Western civilization, from the Roman Empire till present day
    - The pace of development was far less acute than the achievements of the 500 years Greek civilization
    - Ancient Greek civilization lasted from 750 BC (the archaic period) to 146 BC (the Roman conquest) - only 500 years
    Influence - Since Egypt was relatively a closed society, it had limited lasting influence over the rest of the ancient world
    - Few achievements in science, and technology were carried to other civilizations
    - It is generally considered to be the culture which provided the foundation of Western Civilization.
    - The Greek culture had a powerful influence on the Roman empire, which carried it to all Europe.
    - Renaissance in Western Europe - influential on the language, politics, educational systems, philosophy, science, and arts
    Society - A hierarchical society with power residing in the Pharaoh
    - No one wanted anything different, no one asked to be original. On the contrary individuality and creativity were considered as a destructive refusal to accept the established authority, religion and laws.
    - This cultural heritage stunted the Egyptian Civilization, which was virtually unchanged for more than 2500 years
    - Individuality was the basis of their society.
    - They believed that individuals should excel in any direction.
    - This strive for excellence was the method from which the Greek civilization achieved phenomenal accomplishments that stand with us to this day.